The construction of wooden houses is considered to be a long process due to the need to give the structure time for natural shrinkage. This is what many consider to be a disadvantage in the traditional way of erecting log cabins. However, our company offers fast and efficient construction of houses from rounded logs. This technology has been in great demand in Europe and America for a long time, but it has come down to us relatively recently. This option gained its popularity due to the ability to erect a structure of any size and degree of complexity in a relatively short time and at a low cost. An additional advantage of the building made of rounded logs is that you can move into it immediately after finishing the finishing work. A beautiful wooden cottage is not only a good place to live or rest, but also a good investment, since a properly erected building will retain its liquidity even after many years.
Stages of construction of houses from rounded logs
After placing the order, the architect proceeds to the development of the project and the preparation of the necessary technical documentation. At this stage, the calculation of the amount of materials is also performed, important details are clarified. After that, the client, with the help of a specialist, selects the type of foundation that is suitable for the given building option. We offer support and tape designs. The former is suitable for small buildings, while the latter can be used for all types of structures. Since the set of materials required for the construction of houses from rounded logs is formed at the factory, the installation of the rafter system, walls, gables and cornices does not require much time.
If the construction of a wooden building was carried out in accordance with all technological standards, then it will stand for many years. We have been building https://www.dypcoeambi.com/ houses from rounded logs for more than one year, so we can guarantee the quality of all types of work performed.
Despite the apparent simplicity, construction wooden houses made of rounded logs – a complex and time-consuming process. Work on the construction of a house or other building requires knowledge of certain technologies and experience in working with wood.
For the implementation of its projects, the company engages only well-trained architects and carpenters who have undergone technological training in our company. The work experience of our groups is at least 6 years. The company’s architects also receive hands-on training in the design of wooden houses and structures.
Wood has been used in construction for a long time. By now, modern samples of building material have appeared – such as rounded log, profiled and glued timber, etc., facilitating and accelerating the construction process. However, the basic principles and methods of working with wood building materials have remained unchanged.
Construction of houses from rounded logs are carried out according to the technology in two stages (with the exception of small structures, for example, a house of 6x4m, 6x6m. attic type, however, it is advisable to divide the construction of these houses into two stages):
- The first stage is construction without finishing work
- The second stage is the production of finishing works and utilities
The first stage includes: erection of foundations, walls, installation of rafter systems, gables, roof overhangs, cornices.
Foundation for the project wooden house made of rounded logs can be tape and support type.
Support type foundations are made for small structures. Monolithic tape, reinforced concrete foundation (or tape made of concrete blocks 20x20x40cm.) Can be made for all types of wooden structures.
Wooden log houses of rounded logs, built in compliance with all technologies, are not subject to tearing along the walls, it is resistant to seasonal ground movements. With these properties, a wooden structure does not require expensive foundations, unlike brick and foam concrete structures.
Monolithic shallow (or shallow) foundations are usually called “floating”, but the specialists of the company “RUSTEREM” are confident that a properly erected foundation will not “float” for many reasons, in particular because of its significant weight.
Foundations of any type can be made at any time of the year.
The technology for performing this type of foundations is as follows.
The soil is removed under the base of the foundation body – a trench is dug to a depth of 45-60 cm. A sand and gravel mixture is poured into the trench, compacted well, spilled with water.
Formwork is in progress, longitudinal bars with a diameter of 12-14 mm are laid.
Prefabricated concrete is poured. In winter, the addition of special frost-resistant additives is mandatory. The body of the foundation is deepened into the sand and gravel mixture by 10-15 cm, so it is outside the freezing zone.
Lateral heaving of soils does not affect foundations of this type.
The sand-gravel mixture is a buffer zone (shock absorber) between the soil and the foundation body.
Deepening of foundations by 1500-1800 mm for wooden houses made of rounded logs impractical due to their light weight. Recessed foundations tend to be squeezed out of the soil due to the lack of sufficient load on them with light wooden structures. The lateral pressure of heaving soils on the walls of the foundation is 50 tons per 1 m2, the wooden structure is not able to provide sufficient weight pressure on the body of this type of foundation.
Waterproofing is laid on the completed foundation in 2 layers (roofing material, hydroglass) and an antiseptic cushioning bar 50×200 or 100×200 mm. The cushioning bar is used to isolate the main walls of the house from the foundation.
The spacer bar is easy to replace over time, but replacing the bottom rims is a rather complicated process. Therefore, a well-antiseptic larch cushioning bar is most often used.
The lower rims of the walls are laid on the cushioning bar. Each log is treated with an antiseptic compound (fire retardant) before being placed in a log block.
The logs have a longitudinal groove (thermal lock) and factory-made cups. The walls are mounted on wooden pins, laid on tow or other material. The tow is neatly lumped, but not caulked. Window and door openings are immediately made to the size of the joinery with a margin of height, taking into account the shrinkage processes. Shrinkage dowels from a 70×50 mm bar are cut into the ends of the logs in the openings. Walls (piers) between windows or doors are additionally reinforced with wooden dowels to prevent logs from falling out.
All these operations help to keep the structures intact and save you from unnecessary work and cost when carrying out finishing work 2 stages, exclude the weakening of the structure (falling out of the walls) during sawing out door and window openings. Openings will be made only in buildings made of round logs and timber. In log cabins of houses made of rounded logs from debarked logs (ordinary uncylinded logs), it is undesirable to make openings for windows and doors before initial shrinkage. This helps to keep the structure intact, eliminate the sagging of the logs in the deck. After the installation of the log house, it is recommended to perform ventilation openings in the places of future openings (but not in all).
Making houses from chopped logs also requires a unique experience as a carpenter. Due to the heterogeneity in diameter and density, this unique wall material has its own laws of behavior in a log deck and requires special attention. With the knowledge and experience of working with chopped logs, you can build unique, exclusive structures that have no analogues. This material contains a secret that is available to the person who works with it. On the modern Russian market there are a lot of proposals for chopped log cabins, but many of them are purely commercial, made in order to sell as soon as possible, therefore, many elements are not provided for in their design and they were created without taking into account all technological nuances.
A little about the roof … The rafter system is made in increments of no more than 90 cm, the lathing with waterproofing – depending on the roof covering. For living quarters, regardless of the roofing material used, a counter-lattice is made to obtain a vetting layer between the insulation and the roofing material, which helps to exclude the formation of moisture under the roof covering. The rafter system contains wind braces to prevent the rafter system from moving due to wind load.
Roof overhangs and cornices are hemmed with clapboard or other material. A steam-waterproofing film is laid under the covering of the gables. Frontal elements of the roof are carried out.
This completes the first stage of construction. The result of the first stage of construction is a structure fully prepared for finishing. If the first stage of construction was carried out in compliance with all standards, according to the technology, then you will not have to invest a large amount of financial resources in the second stage.
The second stage of work in a wooden house includes: insulation, installation of joinery, flooring, stairs, utilities.
Based on our experience, we do not recommend at the first stage to insulate the building, install joinery, carry out engineering work, sheathe walls and ceilings. At the first stage of construction, materials of natural moisture are used; the soil in the foundation contour also contains moisture. The moisture contained in the wall material passes into the joinery, dry lining, and insulation. The installed joinery clogs the inner contour of the house and, due to the impossibility of full ventilation, the walls of the house begin to darken, and a tree fungus forms.
The woody fungus is formed when moisture is released from the wood and is easily removed with special compounds.
Attention should be paid to the degree of soil moisture in the foundation contour Projects of wooden houses log house from rounded logs construction. Wooden walls dry out faster from the outside. In order to avoid darkening of the walls, swelling of the inner lining, you need to wait until the inner surface of the walls dries. The tree dries for a long time, so finishing work can be started only after the surface of the interior dries. It depends on the size of the building and the time of year and ranges from 1 to 18 months. If you carry out finishing work immediately, then it is advisable to keep the windows ajar to create ventilation.
The shrinkage processes do not affect the production of finishing works, since all joinery is mounted on special shrinkage dowels, the frames of the partitions are exposed taking into account the shrinkage units. Only the natural moisture content of the wood affects the finishing work
You can choose your favorite projects of wooden houses from rounded logs from the catalog of projects of our company or conclude a contract for the construction of a house according to your project. At your request, our specialists are ready to make any changes to the standard project and make all the necessary recalculations. Individual projects are created taking into account all the wishes of the customer and in full accordance with the needs of his family. Our company deals with the whole range of works, and realizes the construction of houses and cottages on a turnkey basis.
We also carry out repairs, decoration, redevelopment, reconstruction of offices, country houses and cottages, shops and industrial premises. The company provides warranty and post-warranty service to its customers.